The Malaysia Airlines passenger jet was hit by a surface-to-air missile on July 17, 2014, during heavy fighting between Kiev’s armed forces and pro-Russian separatists, killing all 298 people on board.
The Boeing 777 was on a routine flight between Amsterdam and Kuala Lumpur and two thirds of the passengers were Dutch.
An international inquiry concluded last October that the plane was downed by a Russian-made BUK missile fired from a zone held by pro-Russian separatists, but stopped short of saying who was responsible.
Initial findings of a Dutch-led criminal inquiry are expected to be presented later this summer.
Around 60 people gathered at the crash site in the village of Petropavlivka, carrying flowers and lighting candles at the square where some of the victims’ remains and belongings fell to the ground.
Some youngsters from the village — still controlled by pro-Russian separatists fighting pro-Western government forces — also carried paper planes in memory of children killed in the downing of the jet.
“Some of the relatives of people who were killed phoned us and asked us to find things that were valuable for them, for example, the toys that belonged to children aboard,” village council head Natalia Voloshina told AFP.
Some small pieces of wreckage, not yet handed over to Dutch investigators, were stacked outside Voloshina’s office to mark the anniversary.
Lawyers representing families of the 196 Dutch victims told AFP on Sunday that a majority had reached an agreement with Malaysia Airlines for compensation.
“Talks are still ongoing for the rest of the victims’ relatives,” Amsterdam-based lawyer Veeru Mewa, representing relatives of some 165 Dutch victims, told AFP.
Today marked the deadline under the 1999 Montreal Convention that allows bereaved families to launch claims against airlines for up to two years.
James Healy-Pratt, whose London-based law firm represents around 30 families, told AFP 85 percent of the claims against Malaysia Airlines had been settled “on confidential terms”.
Six claims remain before the Malaysian High Court in Kuala Lumpur, he said.
Lawsuits have also been filed against separatists and their backers.
Sunflowers for the dead
Hundreds of relatives gathered in the small Dutch town of Vijfhuizen, close to Amsterdam’s Schiphol airport where the plane had departed and where a memorial is set to be unveiled next year.
There were calls for healing at the gathering, where mourners sang songs and read out poems and the names of all 298 victims.
“It’s time to let the sun back in,” said Evert van Zijtvelt, who lost his 18-year-old son Robert-Jan and daughter Frederique, 19 in the tragedy.
Outside, there were 298 sunflowers for the victims — a reminder of the Ukrainian sunflower field where the bodies were scattered.
Ertugrul Apakan, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) chief monitor in Ukraine, said today the MH17 disaster was testament to the heavy toll paid by civilians in armed conflict.
“The memory of those who perished is a reminder to us all that peace is precious and life sacrosanct,” Apakan said in a statement.
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko vowed that “the perpetrators of this tragedy must be punished”.
Separatist authorities deny responsibility for the disaster, saying Ukrainian forces were to blame for the attack.
The European Union in early July formally extended damaging economic sanctions against Russia by six months due to lack of progress in resolving the conflict in eastern Ukraine.